Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians

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Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians

Post  Admin on 10/24/2008, 1:48 pm

Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians



Aker God of the earth and the dead. Guards the place where the eastern and western horizons meet, as well as the gate through which the pharaoh enters the underworld. Depicted as a strip of land with both ends forming the heads of a lion or human, or two lions facing in opposite directions.
Amathaunta Goddess of the sea.
Amaunet Mother Goddess and personification of the life-giving northern wind. Pictures as a snake or snake-head wearing the crown of lower Egypt.
Ament Goddess who welcomed the spirits of the newly dead at the gates of the underworld with bread and water.
Amun Originally a god of wind and ruler of the air, became the all-powerful sun deity of Thebes and then supreme ruler of the gods.
Amun-Re Combination of gods Amun and Re or Ra, used as the name of Amun when he became the national god of Thebes and Egypt.
Andjety God of the underworld, responsible for the rebirth of souls in the afterlife.
Anhur Warrior and hunter god. Personified the royal warriors.
Ankt Spear-carrying Goddess of war.
Anouke Elder Goddess of war. Pictured with bow and arrows.
Anti Guardian deity and god of ferrymen.
Anubis God of the dead and embalming, and protector of cemetaries and burial tombs. He holds the scales which weigh the hearts of the dead; if the heart is light, the soul will be taken to Osiris. If the heart is heavy, it will be destroyed. Pictured as a man with the head of a jackal or dog.
Anuket Goddess of the Nile river and nourisher of the fields. Pictured with a crown of reeds and ostrich feathers.
Apep God of chaos, darkness and evil. He battles with the sun god Re">Re to keep the sun from returning to the world on its nightly journey through the underworld.
Apis Bull god and sacred bull of Memphis.
Arensnuphis Benign god of Egyptian Nubia and a companion of Isis. Seen as a lion or a man wearing a plumed crown.
Aten God of the sun and name of the visible solar disc. Aten was, for a time, the only god of Egypt during the reign of Akanaten, but the land returned to polytheism on the pharaoh's death. Pictured as a solar disc with rays that end in human hands, holding the ankh.
Atum Primordial sun god and creator of the world. He is the evening or setting sun.
Ba Ram god and a god of fertility. Invoked by women in the hopes that he would help them conceive.
Babi Demonic god said to live on human entrails. He helped to devour the hearts of those deemed unworthy in the ceremony of the weighing of the heart.
Banebdjetet Ram god of lower Egypt. Pictured as a man with a ram's head.
Bastet Cat headed Goddess of Egypt. A solar and later lunar deity.
Bat Cow Goddess of fertility. Pictured as a cow or as a woman with the ears and horns of a cow.
Bes Grotesque dwarf god. Said to guard households against evil spirits and misfortune. Also a god of joviality, dancing, singing and happiness.
Beset Female version of the god Bes.
Buto Snake Goddess of the oracle at Buto and protector of the Egyptian royal family.
Chenti-cheti Falcon or crocodile god.
Chenti-irti Falcon god of law and order.
Cherti Ferryman of the dead and protector of the pharaoh's tomb. Pictured as a ram or a man with a ram's head.
Chnum Ram god who makes the Nile delta fertile and suitable for agriculture.
Chons God of the moon and the master of time.
Chontamenti God of the dead and the land of the west. Seen as a dog or dog's head with horns.
Dedun God of wealth and incense. Pictured as a man or a lion.
Dua God of toiletry.
Duamutef Guardian of the east and a funerary god. He protected the stomach of the deceased.
Ennead Council of the gods, specifically those of the Osiris pantheon.
Geb Seb.

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Re: Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians

Post  Admin on 10/24/2008, 1:48 pm

Hah God of the sky. He represents the limitless expanse of the sky, and is pictured with his arms spread wide to support it.
Hapi Personification of the Nile River. Pictured as a fat man to signify abundance. Also, a funerary god and son of Horus. Protected the lungs of the deceased.
Har-nedj-itef Form of the god Horus. Protector of the dead.
Har-pa-khered Horus as a child. Invoked to ward off dangerous creatures. Known as Harpocrates by the Greeks.
Hathor One of the main Goddesses of Egypt, Hathor is the celestial cow and protector of women and the Queen of Egypt. She is the Goddess of love, children, pregnancy, dancing, singing, and poetry. She has been associated with many other Goddesses, including Sekhmet, Bastet, Beb, and Isis. Often pictures as a cow with the sun disk between it's horns or as a woman wearing a disc and horns headdress.
Hatmehit Fish Goddess.
Hauhet Goddess of immeasurable infinity. Often pictured as a frog or a woman with a frog's head.
Hedetet Scorpion Goddess.
Heh One of the gods who represented infinity. Pictured as a frog or a man with the head of a frog.
Heket Goddess of childbirth and protector of the dead. Seen as a frog or a woman with the head of a frog.
Hemen Falcon god.
Hemsut Goddess of fate.
Hesat Cow Goddess and Goddess of milk.
Hez-ur Baboon god.
Hike God of supernatural powers. Doctors were called priests of Hike because they invoked the deity during their work.
Horus Name for a number of gods, all of which invoke the sun, kingship and victory. Horus in his many forms was a protector and warrior god, and the sun and moon were considered his eyes. He was often pictures as a hawk or hawk-headed man.
Ihu God of the sistrum, a sacred rattle.
Ihy Son of Hathor. A god of music and dancing. Pictured as a child holding a sistrum, or sacred rattle.
Imiut Protective deity of the underworld.
Imset One of the four protective deities of embalming. Protected the liver of the deceased.
Inmutef Deity who bears the heavens.
Ipet Goddess of childbirth and 'mother of the two lands'. Pictured as a hippopotamus.
Isis One of the most popular goddesses of Egypt. The divine queen and mother of the heavens, both sister and wife to Osiris and mother of Horus. She was the protector and mother-figure of the pharaohs and the protector of women, children and sailors.
Joh God of the moon.
Kauket Primordial who rules the darkness of primal chaos.
Kebechet Goddess who represents purification through water. A major Goddess of the funeral cult, she is pictured as a snake.
Kebechsenef One of the four gods of embalming. Protector of the lower viscera of the deceased.
Kemwer Black bull god.
Khem God of fertility, agriculture and human reproduction. Pictured as a mummy.
Khentamenti Ancient jackal-headed god of the dead. Later recognized as Osiris.
Khentimentiu God who rules the destiny of the dead. Called the 'dog of the dead'.
Khepri Scarab beetle god. Said to roll the sun across the horizon in the same way that scarab beetles roll balls of dung through the desert. Symbolized rebirth, renewal and everlasting life. Seen as a beetle, man with the face of a beetle, or man with a beetle on his head.
Khnum God who created the bodies of the gods and men on his potter's wheel. Pictured as a ram-headed man.
Kuk God of the darkness of primal chaos. With Kauket, produces the twilight at the end of the day.
Maahes God of punishment for transgressions. Invoked to protect the innocent. Seen as a lion or lion-headed man with a knife.
Ma'at Goddess of truth, judgment and order. She represented the concepts of justice and universal order, and all judges were her representatives. Pictured as a woman with a large ostrich feather in her crown.
Mahes God of the summer heat an called 'Lord of the Massacre'. Pictured as a lion or man with a lion's head.
Mehturt Sky-Goddess. Represents the time of morning and the waters from which Re (the sun) emerged. Seen as a giant cow with the solar disk between her horns.
Mendes Nature god.
Menhit Goddess of war. Seen as a lioness.
Menthu God of war. Pictured as a man with a falcon's head.
Meret Goddess of song and rejoicing.
Meretseger Goddess of the mountain overlooking the Valley of the Kings. Protected the royal tombs from disturbance. Seen as a cobra or a scorpion with the head of a woman.
Mesenet Egyptian Goddess of childbirth. She forms the child in the womb and the ka, or spirit, of the child. Also seen as Goddess of fate or fortune.
Meskhenet Goddess of midwives and the birth chamber.
Min God of fertility, vegetation and male virility. Often evoked at the coronation of the pharaoh to ensure his sexual prowess and production of a male heir. Seen as a man holding a flail in his right hand and his erect penis in his left.
Mnewer Sacred black bull of the sun. Worshipped for his fertility and oracles. Pictured with the solar disk between his horns.
Mut Primordial Goddess of the sky and the 'mother of mothers'. Seen as a vulture or a woman with the head of a vulture, wearing bright red or blue robes.
Naunet Goddess of the primordial abyss of the underworld. Her male counterpart is Nun.
Nefertem God of the lotus and the rising sun. Pictured as a man with a cluster of lotus blossoms on his head, sometimes on the back of a lion.
Nehebkau Serpent god who guards the entrance of the Underworld and accompanies the sun god Re on his nightly journey through it. Seen as a snake with human arms and legs.
Neith Goddess of war and weapons, including the weapons of the hunter. Also the Goddess of weaving, she provided the wrappings for the mummies' bodies.
Nekhbet Vulture Goddess of Upper Egypt and protector of the infant pharaoh. She was present at the birth of the future rulers of Egypt. Pictured on the pharaoh's crown.
Neper God of grain, particularly barley and wheat.
Nephthys 'Mistress of the House". Goddess who meets and teaches the newly dead, as well as comforting the members of their family left alive. Also involved with childbirth. Seen as a woman or a Kite (bird).
Nepit Grain Goddess. Female counterpart of the God Neper.
Nun God and primeval water that circles the entire world. The most ancient of gods, even Re, the sun, arose from him. Depicted as a man holding the solar boat above his head.
Nunet Goddess of the ocean.
Nut The sky Goddess, and literal personification of the sky and the heavens. Along with her husband, Seb, forms the natural world. She is the barrier between chaos and the order of the world. Portrayed as a naked woman painted dark blue with stars on her body.

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Re: Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians

Post  Admin on 10/24/2008, 1:49 pm

Osiris Important god of Egypt. Seen as the god of the dead and the underworld, although worshipped as a god of fertility, resurrection and vegetation. Married to the sky-Goddess Isis. Killed by his brother Set and chopped into pieces. The pieces were found by Isis and reformed, and he was mummified and resurrected. Re, the father god, did not allow him to stay in the land of the living, but sent him to the Underworld to be the god and judge of the dead. Seen as a mummified man.
Pachet Goddess of the desert.
Petbe God of retaliation and revenge.
Ptah A creator god of Memphis, seen as a patron to craftsmen and especially stoneworkers. Pictured as a mummified man with only his hands free to grasp a scepter.
Qetesh Originally a Syrian Goddess, worshipped in Egypt as a Goddess of love. Possible connection with Hathor.
Re The most important of the gods in Egypt. The personification of the sun. The actual sun was said to be either his body or his eye. He traveled in the sun boat across the sky each day, and through the Underworld at night to make a complete circuit of the cosmos. Sacred god of the pharaohs, who were said to be 'sons of Re'. Pictured as a man with the head of a falcon.
Renenet Goddess of plenty and good fortune.
Renenutet Goddess of the harvest. Could ensure the plentiful production of fields with one look. Pictured as a snake.
Renpet Goddess of Spring and youth.
Resheph Warrior god.
Sai Deity of destiny.
Sakhmet Also known as Sekhmet. Bloodthirsty and violent Goddess of war and divine vengeance. She is seen as the Goddess who accompanies the pharaoh into battle, as well as the Goddess of plague and disease. Pictured as a woman with the head of a lioness.
Satet Goddess of the flooding Nile and fertility.
Seb God of the Earth, and husband of Nut. One of the primordial forces of nature, Seb is seen as personifying the earth and fertility. He was pictured as black and green, the colors of Nile mud and vegetation. Thought to imprison the souls of the wicked so that they could not ascend to Heaven.
Sebek Crocodile god, he represented the fertility of the Nile and the might of the pharaohs. Seen as a crocodile or man with a crocodile's head.
Seker Funerary god, the patron of craftsmen who create tombs and items used in funeral services. Sometimes seen as a form of Osiris. Pictured as a man with the head of a hawk.
Septu God of war.
Serket Scorpion Goddess. Teacher of the dead and protector of the canopic jars which house the bodily organs of mummies. Pictured as a woman with a scorpion-shaped headdress.
Seshat Goddess of writing, mathematics, building-schemes, histories and historical records. A daughter of Thoth, she kept the royal annals of the pharaohs.
Sesmu God of oil and wine pressing.
Set God of chaos, hostility and possibly evil. He was a protector of the desert, but caused dust storms that could kill unwary travelers. Killed his brother Osiris and scattered the pieces of his body throughout Egypt. Later fought Osiris' son Horus, who vanquished him and became king of the Gods. Seen as a man with a head of indeterminable origin, possibly an aardvark, or as a dog.
Shai Goddess of Fate, usually seen with Reneret, or fortune.
Shu God of air. Father of Nut, whom he holds high above Seb(earth).
Sia Primeval Goddess embodying the Mind.
Sons of Horus Sons of the god Horus who assist the dead in their journey to the Underworld. Their heads are on the canopic jars and the four corners of the sarcophagus. They are Imset, Hapi, Duamutef and Kebechsenef.
Sopdet Fertility Goddess and the Dog Star, Sirius. With the appearance of Sirius, the Nile floods began and Sopdet became associated with the fertility of the floods. She was later merged with Isis.
Taouris Goddess of pregnancy and birth. Pictured as a hippopotamus with a huge belly standing on her hind legs.
Tatenen Vegetation god and the mound of earth which rose from the primordial waters. Seen as a man with ram's horns and a crown of feathers. Identified with Ptah.
Taurt God of good fortune and childbirth. Seen as a hippopotamus with a crocodile's head and lion's feet. Protector of women before, during and after childbirth.
Tefnut Goddess of moisture. Produced Seb and Nut with Shu.
Tenenit Goddess of beer.
Thoth God of wisdom and the mind, inventor of writing and patron of scribes and scholars. Messenger and mediator of the gods, he questioned the dead at the Weighing of the Heart. Seen as a man with the head of an Ibis, or as an Ibis or baboon.
Uneg Plant god.
Un-nefer Name of Osiris in his capacity as Judge of the Dead.
Unut Hare Goddess.
Wepwawet God of the openings and the dead. He opened the way into battle, and opened the way for the dead into the Underworld. Seen as a jackal.
Wosyet Goddess protector of the young.

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